The global Economy Assignment for Australia University
Part A: Data collection, presentation, and analysis (35 points)
Q1. Browse the Australian Bureau of Statistics webpage (www.abs.gov.au). Download and plot the seasonally adjusted nominal GDP (in levels) and real GDP (in levels) for the period 1990-2016 (in quarterly frequency) from ‘Table 1. Key National Account Aggregates’. Now using the same Table 1, download and plot the percentage changes of these two GDP series (use trends) for the same time period. From the plots, could you find any relationship between nominal and real GDP in levels and growth rates? Explain your answer. (Word limit:200 words) [5 + 2= 7]
Q2. Go to the World Bank website (http://data.worldbank.org/indicator) and collect and present annual data for the following variables for Australia, China, South Korea, Japan, and the UK for the period 1991-2016. The variables are: (i) Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) (ii) Unemployment, total (% of the total labor force) (iii) Gross capital formation (% of GDP) [Note: this is Investment as a % of GDP] and (iv) Expense (% of GDP) [Note: this is Government expenditure as a % of GDP]
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Present the data in tables. You are free to decide how many tables to use, and which variables/countries to include in each table. Each table must be numbered and have a clear heading/title indicating its contents, and a reference for the source of the data under the table.
Use the data to construct the following graphs. Indicate under each graph in which table(s) the data came from. Give your graph a title, and make sure to label each of the axis and the variable.
Figure 1. Inflation rate for all five countries.
Figures 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6: One figure for each country, with the Unemployment rate, Gross capital formation, and Expense for that country.
Using Figures 2– 6, analyze and explain any general relationship you see between the three variables in each of the countries. On the basis of the data collected, analyze any similarities and differences in the performance of economies. (Word limit: 300 words) [4 + 6 + 8 = 18]
Q3. Now visit the Reserve Bank of Australia website and download the monthly exchange rates for China, Japan, and the UK from the webpage
(http://www.rba.gov.au/statistics/historical-data.html#exchange-rates) for the years 1991 to 2016.
Then, browse the Australian Bureau of Statistics data and using the link (http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPag/5368.0Jan%202018?OpenDocument) download the monthly seasonally adjusted ‘Balance on Trade in Goods and Services’ data from Table 1 for the period 1991 to 2016.
Use three different diagrams to plot the exchange rate and trade balance series together for the above three countries. Based on these diagrams, discuss the relationship between exchange rate fluctuations and trade balance in Australia. [2 + 3 + 5= 10]
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Part B: Short Answer Questions (40 points)
Q4. The Government is contemplating a tax cut of $20 billion to boost the economy which is experiencing some recessionary pressure. Use the aggregate expenditure model to analyze what will happen to the equilibrium GDP. If the marginal propensity to save is 0.2, how much would it influence the equilibrium GDP? Explain your answer. (Word limit: 300 words) [10+ 5 = 15]
Q5. Starting from an initial long-run equilibrium, use the dynamic aggregate demand and aggregate supply diagram to show what happens in both the long run and the short run when there is a decline in investment expenditure. What policy action would the central bank take in such circumstances? (Word limit: 300 words) [10+ 10 + 5= 25]
Part C (25 points)
Before you start this section, it is recommended that you familiarise yourself with the Economics Learning Standards for Australian Higher Education (ELS). Understanding these will help you understand the expectations of an economics graduate and articulate the skillset gained in your economics studies. The ELS has been jointly created by academics and industry, with the aim of matching employer and educator expectations.
For this part of the assignment, you are required to research the role of a macroeconomist (or economist) in an institution, business, or sector of your choosing. You can think of this as a potential position that would be linked to your role when you apply for jobs after finishing your degree. Write a report of no more than 700 words that includes:
1. A brief introduction to the organization you have chosen, and the industry or sector they operate in (recommend 100 words).
2. A summary of the role you have chosen, including the skills required for the role. Use the Economics Learning Standards for Australian Higher Education to aid your reflection. Break down where you meet these expectations and your areas for improvement. How would you show a recruiter that you have the required skills and experiences for your chosen economics position? (recommend 200 words)
3. Describe what drew you to your selected position. Link the chosen position to your VIPS (values, interests, personality, and skills) and how the chosen position is relevant to your long-term career plan (recommend 100 words):
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- If you have completed MWL101– refer to your self-awareness test results. You may also want to consider re-taking the tests to track any changes since you took MWL101
- Other students –you can take self-awareness tests in DeakinTALENT’s Career Decisions module
- Include your test results as appendix items in your report
4. Reflect on the economist informational interview video. This video will be posted in the assessment resources folder. Reflect on (recommend 200 words):
- What were some of the most interesting aspects of the interview, and how may this be relevant to your own future career?
- Did the interview raise any areas of concern for you? (e.g. skill or experience gaps, job/industry suitability)
- Has the interview left you with many unanswered questions? Who could you discuss these questions with?
5. Review the action plan you developed in MWL101. Based on your learning with unpacking a graduate job position, and watching the interview; list the actions you’ve completed or are working on, and what you still have to do. Did you learn anything that influences your career decision-making? (recommend: 100 words)
- Students who haven’t completed MWL101, the Career Decisions module linked above will help you develop a career action plan. Your discussion here instead should focus on what you can do to address the gaps you have identified in this assignment.