CHC30113: Subject 5 Physical and Emotional Wellbeing Geri is an experienced family daycare educator Starting next Monday: Certificate III in Early Childhood Education & Care Assignment, Tafe Nsw, Australia

University TAFE NSW
Subject CHC30113: Certificate III In Early Childhood Education And Care

Subject 5: Physical and Emotional Wellbeing

1. Geri is an experienced family daycare educator. Starting next Monday, Lachie (6 months) will be in care with Geri and 2 other children (aged 3 and 4) 3 days a week.

Geri has already collected details about Lachie’s needs, preferences, and daily routine from his mother, Sue, and is now thinking about the finishing touches she needs to make in preparation for his arrival.

Once Geri has set up the physical environment to make it welcoming, safe, and secure, she starts thinking about how she will help Sue deal with dropping Lachie off for the first time. Sue and Lachie have come to visit a few times, but this will be the first time she leaves him in Geri’s care. Sue is a young, independent, single mum who is commencing study on a part-time basis. Lachie is her only child.

1.1. List five (5) ways Geri could assist and support Sue and Lachie to manage their first separation.

1.2. Describe a suitable separation routine that Geri could suggest to Sue to manage her and Lachie’s separation.

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KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT

1. Access the Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority (ACECQA) website (http://acecqa.gov.au/) and answer the questions below.

  • Browse the Guide to the National Quality Framework document and search for the objectives of the NQF. List the six (6) objectives of the NQF.
  • List the NQS quality areas relevant to the provision of care for babies, toddlers, and children. Use the Guide to the Nationality Quality Standard document as a refer Your answers must include each quality areas’ focus.

2. Access the Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority (ACECQA) website (http://acecqa.gov.au/) and answer the questions below.
What is the aim of the EYLF document?

  • Which EYLF outcome best guides early childhood educators in the provision of care for babies, toddlers, and children?
  • Early Years Learning Framework (EYLF) provides guidance to early childhood educators I reinforcing in their daily practice the principles laid out in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. List the two (2) principles being reinforced by the EYLF.

3. What is the fundamental professional responsibility of early childhood professionals according to the Early Childhood Australia’s Code of Ethics?
Guidance: The fundamental professional responsibility of early childhood professionals are mentioned in the Preamble of the Code of Ethics.

4. Being aware of babies’ and toddlers’ sleeping patterns and routines will help you recognize sleep/rest cues and respond to these cues appropriately. Fill out the table below to show the different sleeping patterns and needed hours of sleep of babies and toddlers. The first row is completed to serve as a guide.

5. Complete the table below by providing the possible meaning and appropriate response to the given infant/toddler signs/cues.
Sign/Cue Possible meaning Appropriate response 8-month Noah has woken from his nap and is crying.

6. In the table below, list one (1) appropriate interaction for babies and toddlers, which you can use to foster the social development of babies and toddlers.

7. In your role as an Early Childhood Education and Care worker, you need to understand the dietary requirements and nutritional needs of babies and toddlers.

  • What is the perfect food and best source of nutrients for babies to 0 to 6 months?
  • What are the approximated formula requirements for bottle-fed infants? Fill out the table below to show the approximate formula requirements for bottle-fed infants:
  • When is the best time to introduce solid foods to babies?

To meet the nutrition and dietary needs of babies 6 months onward, different types and consistency of food should be provided. Identify the type and consistency of the food that should be given to the following age groups and give two (2) examples of each food type/consistency.

Which foods should be provided to toddlers and which foods should be given in limited amounts?

8. List five (5) food safety guidelines to implement when feeding:
8.1. Babies
8.2. Toddlers

  • Food safety guidelines to implement when feeding babies
  • Food safety guidelines to implement when feeding toddlers:

9. Carers are also tasked to promote good oral health care of babies and toddlers by implementing oral hygiene practices and healthy eating choices.
The Australian Dental Association (ADA) developed the following guidelines and tips to assist in the care and promotion of good oral health:

  • Oral hygiene for babies and toddlers
  • Healthy eating equals healthy teeth

Answer the succeeding questions using the above guidelines as references.

  • How should you brush a baby’s primary teeth that have just started to appear?
  • What is the proper way of flossing for kids about 2 ½ years old?
  • List the steps. How would you promote babies’ and toddlers’ oral health through diet and nutrition?
  • List two (2) ways. What is the rationale behind restricting (feeding) bottles during meal times only?

10. List the two (2) guidelines that can be used by educators as the basis for implementing infection control in education and care services.

11. What are the most common procedures that can help prevent and control the spread of infections in the childcare service setting?

12. Briefly explain why hand hygiene is one of the best ways to minimise the spread of infectious diseases.

13. Identify whether the following practices for caring babies are safe or unsafe. Write “S” for safe and “U” for unsafe on the space provided.

Putting baby on his or her side or on his or her tummy when sleeping. Giving the baby nacho cheese corn chips for afternoon snacks.

Tucking the baby securely using lightweight blankets for his nap.

Reading the instructions carefully when preparing to use a stroller.

When changing nappy, ensure that the safety catches of nappy with pins are on and pointing away from the baby’s body.

Practicing hand washing before and after feeding.

Letting the toddler walk around as he or she eats.

14. In order to provide appropriate activities and routines that adequately address babies’ and toddlers’ developmental needs, you must first be aware of their emotional, physical and language development.

Fill out the table with the appropriate milestones that you may observe at a certain age range. List three (3) expectations for each area.

Guidance: Use the Developmental milestones and EYLF-MTOP

15. Explain the attachment theory. Provide the reference you used in answering this item.

16. What is SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)? Provide a brief description and give three (3) risk factors.

17. Below are descriptions of the brain development of babies from birth to 18 months. Write “True,” if the statement about brain development is correct and “False” if the statement is incorrect.

a) Vision is the most mature of the senses at birth to 2 months of age.

b) The first sense to develop in newborns is the sense of touch.

c) Infants, 2 to 6 months, are already starting to hold their head and chest up when lying on their stomachs at this stage.

d) 2- to 6-month old babies are now able to scan, track and focus on objects,
see in color and perceive distances.

e) 6 to 12-month-old babies require repetition of experiences for their reasoning to be developed.

f) At 6 to 12 months, social interaction is the least important form of stimulation babies at this age can receive.

g) ‘Deferred imitation’ where a child can recall and imitate an action performed by another person can occur from 12 to 18 months.

h) At 12 to 18 months of age, toddlers can already recall actions and events that have occurred in the past few hours or even possibly a day earlier.

18. As carers, it is important that you are aware of and able to include familiar routines that is practiced by an infant or a toddler’s family.

In the table below, give two (2) examples of practices and routines used by families that you are aware of or have learned about during your vocational placement. In the next column, give the underlying cultural or personal rationale of practice/routine. An example is provided as your guide.

Family routine/practice Cultural or personal rationale behind the practice/ routine  Feeding the toddler rather than promoting independent eating Sign of good parenting for some culture

19. According to the National Physical Activity Guidelines for Australia, what are the recommendations for physical activity for children:

19.1. Birth to one year
19.2. Toddlers (1 to 3 years) and pre-schoolers (3 to 5 years)
19.3. 5 – 12 years

Guidance: Click here to know more about the National Physical Activity Recommendations for Children

20. List five (5) impacts of changes in routines and environment that children may experience.

21. All child care centers are required to follow strict sun safety guidelines and have a policy stating the procedures for their center.

List five (5) ways carers must implement to reduce the risk of sunburn and future skin cancer when children are out exposed to the sun.

22. List five (5) strategies and routines that you could implement to minimize distress relating to the separation of parent and child.

23. Answer the following questions about the basic principles of child’s physical and emotional development.

  • What is a child’s normal direction of growth?
  • What is a child’s normal pattern of growth?
  • What is the normal directional pattern of physical development of children?
  • What is the core relationship supporting a child’s emotional development?
  • What other key relationships contribute to the child’s emotional development? Give two (2).

24. Fill out the table below with examples of common organizational standards, policies, and procedures related to the care of an infant, toddlers, and children and are relevant to Early Childhood Education and Care. List two (2) of each.

Guidance: Visit Sparkling Stars Childcare Centre and go to the Resources and Policies & Procedures tabs to see examples of relevant standards, policies, and procedures.

  • Five (5) ways Geri could assist and support Sue and Lachie to manage their first separation
  • Describe a suitable separation routine that Geri could suggest to Sue to manage her and Lachie’s separation.

2. Lachie’s first day has arrived and he has successfully settled into care. It is midmorning and Geri notices that Lachie is rubbing his eyes and is a little unsettled.

Knowing that Lachie is almost due for his morning nap, Geri decides it is probably best to change his nappy in preparation for the nap.

2.1. Write a suitable nappy procedure that could be displayed in the changing room for Geri to follow and to ensure that she practices proper hygiene.

2.2. Describe how Geri should interact with Lachie to help build a positive relationship with him while changing his nappy.

  • Write a suitable nappy procedure that could be displayed in the changing room for Geri to follow and to ensure that she practices proper hygiene.
  • Describe how Geri should interact with Lachie to help build a positive relationship with him while changing his nappy.

3. Geri has organized the environment and is now ready to put Lachie into his cot. He has his comfort item with him, a dummy, and is sucking contentedly.

3.1. What are the steps that Geri must consider when putting Lachie to sleep safely?

3.2. What are the things that Geri should check in order to know that the cot Lachie sleeps on complies with the Australian Standard AS/NZS 2172-2003?
What are the steps that Geri must consider when putting Lachie to sleep safely?

What are the things that Geri should check in order to know that the cot Lachie sleeps on complies with the Australian Standard AS/NZS 2172-2003?

4. Lachie sleeps for almost 2 hours but wakes up crying. Geri promptly responds to Lachie’s cries, reassuring him that she is there and that she will give him his lunch after his nappy is changed. Lachie has recently started on solids which Geri will feed to him at this time.

4.1. List four (4) foods that are suitable to feed babies of Lachie’s age.
4.2. Describe how Geri should safely prepare Lachie’s food.
4.3. List the four (4) safety features of a high chair that make it suitable for Geri to use when feeding Lachie his solids.

  • List four (4) foods that are suitable to feed babies of Lachie’s age.
  • Describe how Geri should safely prepare Lachie’s food.
  • List the four (4) safety features of a high chair that make it suitable for Geri to use when feeding Lachie his solids

5. Lachie is still hungry after eating his solids so Geri prepares him a bottle of infant formula.

5.1. Write a suitable formula preparation procedure for Geri to follow. You must include the procedures before preparing and the actual procedure of preparing the formula.

5.2. Write a suitable Expressed Breast Milk (EBM) preparation and storage for Geri to follow in case she needs to prepare an EMB for Lachie.

5.3. Describe how Geri should safely store and re-heat bottles that parents have already prepared for their child.

Write a suitable formula preparation procedure for Geri to follow. You must include the procedure before preparing and the actual procedure of preparing the formula.

Write a suitable Expressed Breast Milk (EBM) preparation and storage procedure for Geri to follow in case she needs to prepare an EMB for Lachie.

Describe how Geri should safely store and re-heat bottles that parents have already prepared for their child.

Case Study 2

1. Matthew Young is almost 4 and has just started attending care in your center. During his transition to care, you have found him to quiet an emotional child— particularly when separating him from his mother, Linda, who also seems to be experiencing difficulty with the process.

1.1. What strategies would you implement during the orientation process to be able to build trusting relationships with Matthew, and his mother Linda? List five (5) strategies.

1.2. As Matthew’s carer in the center, you must adopt strategies to support his successful settling in. List three (3) settling-in strategies that you can use.

What strategies would you implement during the orientation process to be able to build trusting relationships with Matthew, and his mother Linda? List five (5) strategies.

As Matthew’s carer in the center, you must adopt strategies to support his successful settling in. List three (3) settling-in strategies that you can use.

2. Matthew comes to the center in a superhero suit he received as a birthday gift. He clearly loves his suit and wears it all day. He comes to care the following day wearing the same suit. Linda says he refuses to take it off. Because it is becoming quite hot during mid-day, the need to change Matthew’s suit to an article of more safe and comfortable clothing becomes immediate.

Describe how you would encourage Matthew to take off his superhero suit with minimal emotional upset on his part.

3. Matthew, together with a group of 4-year-olds, is scheduled to have their outdoor play the following day at 8AM. Before they go out in the outdoor play area, you are to explain to them the importance of sun safety and protection.

Create a poster suitable for 4-year-olds promoting sun safety and protection. In creating the poster:

• Follow the recommendations from the Cancer Council regarding sun safety and protection

• Ensure that the language and images that you use is suitable for 4-year-old children

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