HS3021 Strategic Information Systems Management Assessment Answer – Holmes Institute Australia

Purpose:

This assignment is designed to assess your level of knowledge of the key topics covered in this unit

Unit Learning Outcomes Assessed.:

1. Demonstrate an understanding of the models and techniques to analyze the strategic contribution of Information Systems to an organization,

2.Understand the different methodologies, tools, and frameworks to evaluate business strategy.

3.Develop the knowledge and skills to understand the business value of Information Systems and formulate strategies and plans to meet business requirements,

4.An understanding of the strategies, methods, and approaches used by organizations to develop innovative solutions to support IT-enabled business transformation,

5.Understand the ICT profession and the expectations of ICT professionals in strategic development and implementation roles.

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Description:

Each week students were provided with tutorial questions and exercises of varying degrees of difficulty.

The tutorial questions and exercises are available in the Tutorial Folder, for each week, on Blackboard. The Interactive Tutorials are designed to assist students with the process, skills, and knowledge to answer the provided tutorial questions and exercises. Your task is to answer a selection of tutorial questions or similar exercises given below and submit these answers in a single document.

Case Study:

Strategic Planning at Johns Hopkins Medicine Johns Hopkins Medicine, with headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland, is a $7.7 billion global healthcare organization that operates 6 academic and community hospitals, along with 4 suburban healthcare and surgery centers, and 39 primary and specialty care outpatient sites. The organization strives to create a culture in which diversity, inclusion, civility, collegiality, and professionalism are championed through actions, incentives, and accountability.

The CFO has asked each member of the team to express his or her thoughts on two topics:

Question 1 
Referring to the provided scenario, briefly describe issues-based strategic planning, organic strategic planning, and goals-based strategic planning.

Case Study:

Apple, the technology giant Apple has a legendary ability to produce a steady stream of innovative new products and product improvements that are differentiated by design elegance and ease of use. Product innovation is in many ways the essence of what the company has always done, and what it strives to continue doing. Innovation at Apple began with the Apple II in 1979. The original Macintosh computer, the first personal computer (PC) to use a graphical user interface, a mouse, and onscreen icons, followed in 1984. After the late founder and former CEO, Steve Jobs returned to the company in 1997, the list of notable innovations expanded to include the iPod and iTunes, the Mac Air book, the iPhone, the Apple App store, and the iPad.

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Unlike most companies of its size, Apple has a functional structure. The employees reporting directly to current CEO Tim Cook include the senior vice presidents of operations, Internet software and services, industrial design, software engineering, hardware engineering, and worldwide marketing, along with the CFO and company general council. This group meets every Monday morning to review the strategy of the company, its operations, and ongoing product development efforts. The industrial design group takes the lead on new product development efforts, dictating the look and feel of a new product, and the materials that must be used. The centrality of industrial de-sign is unusual—in most companies engineers first develop products, with industrial design coming into the picture quite late in the process.

The key role played by industrial design at Apple, however, is consistent with the company’s mission of designing beautiful products that change the world. The industrial design group works closely with hardware and software engineering to develop features and functions for each new product, with operations to ensure that manufacturing can be rapidly scaled up following a product launch, and with worldwide marketing to plan the product launch
strategy. Thus, product development at Apple is a cross-functional effort that requires intense coordination.

This coordination is achieved through a centralized command and control structure, with the top-management group driving collaboration and the industrial design group setting key parameters. During his long tenure as CEO, Jobs was well known for clearly articulating who was responsible for what in the product development process, and for holding people accountable if they failed to meet his high standards. His management style could be unforgiving and harsh—there are numerous stories of people being fired on the spot for failing to meet his standards—but it did get the job done. Even though Jobs passed away in 2011, the focus on accountability persists at Apple. Each task is given a “directly responsible individual,” or DRI in “Apple-speak.” Typically, the DRI’s name will appear on an agenda for a meeting, so everyone knows who is responsible.

Meetings at Apple have an action list, and next to each action item will be a DRI. By such clear control processes, Apple pushes accountability down deep within the ranks. A key feature of the Apple culture is the secrecy surrounding much of what the company does. Information that reaches the outside world tightly controlled, and so is the flow of information within the company. Many employees are kept in the dark about new-product development efforts and frequently do not know what others are working on. Access to buildings where teams are developing new products or features is tightly controlled, with only team members allowed in. Cameras monitor sensitive workspaces to make sure that this is restriction is not violated. Disclosing what the company is doing to an outside source, or an unauthorized inside source is grounds for termination—as all employees are told when they join the company.

The goal is to keep new products under very tight wraps until launch day. Apple wants to control the message surrounding new products. It does not want to give the competition time to respond, or media critics time to bash products under development.

Read Apple’s case study then answer question 2

Question 2 
Describe as much as you can of the organization architecture at Apple, and specifically, its organization structure, control systems, incentives, product development processes, and culture?

Question 3 

Choose a Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SME) you know and speak to the owner/manager(s) of the firm. Identify and evaluate the skills and expertise within the firm in relation to IS competencies. If there are any competence ‘gaps’, how does or might the firm overcome them?

Case Study:

London Ambulance Service (LAS)

Read the LAS case study in the link above then answer the question

Question 4
What would you do if you were the IT manager today, to prevent the same mistakes from repeating?

Question 5
Choose three different types of organizations, then compare and contrast how they approach, manage and lead their IT governance activities.

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